Terra 2022


Saturday, June 11th

Optional one-day post-conference tours will be offered to Terra 2022 participants on Saturday, June 11, following the conference. These tours will visit earthen sites in the region around Santa Fe, which demonstrate different approaches to conservation, restoration, and maintenance by communities and conservation professionals in different contexts.

Tours will be offered on a first come first served basis.

Santa Fe is located just over 7,000 feet (approximately 2,200 meters) above sea level. The sun can be intense, afternoons can be hot, and it is important to stay hydrated. All tours will be easy to moderate in terms of distance and difficulty. Trails that may be more difficult are noted in the descriptions below.

Tours will depart from the Santa Fe Community Convention Center at 8:30 am, and will return between 5-6pm. All tour costs include a boxed lunch, water, and snacks.

Please note that, given the changing circumstances related to the Covid 19 pandemic, tours may be subject to change due to temporary closures of sites. Likewise, if any given tour is not filled, it may be cancelled.  Participants will be notified of any changes ahead of time, and may join another tour or request a refund.


Earth and Stone – Bandelier National Monument, Tsankawi Tour

The Jemez Mountains of Northern New Mexico are comprised of complex, multi-cultural landscapes, with thousands of years of history and tradition chronicled in the extant sites and structures. These landscapes have been preserved and maintained by Native American, Federal and State Government, University, and Non-governmental organizations over the last century or more.  At Bandelier National Monument, recent work has focused on the documentation, assessment, retention, and interpretation of the significant, yet fragile resources comprised of tuff masonry and earthen mortars, plasters and renders that are characteristic of regional building traditions. Bandelier has also expanded its preservation program to include annual indigenous youth crews to impart conservation and stewardship ethics, craftsmanship, as well as traditional knowledge and cultural traditions at ancestral sites. Recent threats, including major forest fires, severe precipitation, flood events, and changing public access have challenged site managers, requiring flexibility and adaptation. This site visit will highlight preservation strategies implemented at the park, inclusive of these opportunities and challenges.  Trails may be of moderate difficulty to some sites visited.

Topics to be discussed

  • Regional and local building types and traditions, both common and unique
  • Conservation methods and monitoring approaches employed
  • Value of partnership, training, and engagement of traditionally associated indigenous groups in the development and implementation of conservation practice
  • Planning for the future and adapting approaches to account for changing environmental conditions and public access

Site visit will be led by Bandelier conservation and preservation specialists.

Cost: $90 per person

Then and Now – A Century of Conservation at Pecos National Historical Park and Fort Union National Monument Tour

Pecos National Historical Park and Fort Union National Monument offer an unparalleled opportunity to observe and discuss the preservation and management of earthen archaeological sites in the American Southwest for over a century. In response to increased risks from climate change and obsolescent treatments, the National Park Service and the University of Pennsylvania are currently collaborating on a comprehensive program to develop a framework for assessing risk and vulnerability for these and other earth and masonry sites in the region.

Topics to be discussed

  • Regional earthen construction history including indigenous (precontact), Hispano, and Anglo building traditions
  • American archaeology and conservation methods
  • Risk assessment and the concepts of threat (hazard), vulnerability, and exposure
  • Remedial and preventive conservation in the context of risk mitigation, resilience, and adaptation
  • Site monitoring, survey, and data management

Site visit will be led by Frank Matero, University of Pennsylvania, Lauren Meyer and Jeremy Moss, National Park Service. All have extensive conservation and preservation experience at these sites.

Cost: $80 per person

Care by and for Communities – Taos Pueblo loop

The high road between Santa Fe and Taos Pueblo is rich with both Native American and vernacular, Spanish Colonial era architecture in a spectacular landscape. The tour will visit three sites, Taos Pueblo, San Francisco de Asis church in Ranchos de Taos, and Las Trampas Historic District.  Taos Pueblo, a living Native American community, a National Historic Site and a World Heritage Site, is located at the base of the Sangre de Cristo mountains, approximately 75 miles from Santa Fe. Its outstanding multi-story adobe buildings have been continuously inhabited for over 1,000 years. The Tribal Historic Preservation Team restores and maintains the buildings carrying on traditions passed down through generations.

Nearby, San Francisco de Asis Church, built in 1816, with thick adobe walls and sculptural buttresses, was made famous by numerous artists who have painted and photographed it for its striking sculptural volumes. Cared for by the community, the church is replastered annually by local volunteers and preservationists. Las Trampas, a historic 18th century village, is a National Historic District, first settled in 1751 and continually inhabited through Spanish, Mexican and American periods. At the center of La Trampas is a model of Spanish colonial era architecture, San José de Gracia church, built between 1760-1776.  It is one of the most intact examples of a Spanish Colonial era Pueblo Mission church in the region. 

Topics to be discussed

  • Traditional preservation practices
  • Community involvement in care and maintenance of their earthen heritage
  • History of architecture in the region
  • Challenges of preservation of living sites

Site visit will be led by Historic Preservation Specialists from Taos Pueblo, and staff from San Francisco de Asis Church in Ranchos de Taos and San José de Gracia Church in Las Trampas.

Cost: $95 per person

Modern earthen architecture in and around Abiquiú - Georgia O’Keeffe House and Studio, Dar al Islam, Monastery of Christ in the Desert

This tour to Abiquiú, approximately an hour from Santa Fe, focuses on some of the most significant adobe buildings of the 20th century in the region. This spectacular region, with stunning rock formations and wide open spaces provides a dramatic backdrop for the Georgia O’Keeffe Home and Studio, originally built in the 18th century, purchased by O’Keeffe in 1945 and restored between 1946-1949 and recently the subject of a comprehensive conservation plan; Dar al Islam, a mosque and Islamic Study Center designed by Hassam Fathy (1981); and the Monastery of Christ in the Desert built in 1964 by Japanese architect and woodworker, George Nakashima, and an active Benedictine Monastery.  These three architectural works show the diversity of cultures using a universal building material in the modern era.

Topics to be discussed

  • The history and evolution of the Georgia O’Keeffe House and Studio and current conservation efforts
  • Environmental monitoring and conservation planning
  • Site conservation in the context of cultural landscape
  • The history and use of Dar al Islam, and the techniques used by Fathy in its construction
  • The construction, current use, and sustainable stewardship of the Monastery of Christ in the Desert

Site visit will be led by staff from the Georgia O’Keeffe Home and Museum, Pamela Hawkes, Conservation Architect, staff from Dar al Islam, and staff from the Monastery of Christ in the Desert who are knowledgeable on the history and preservation of these sites.

Cost: $125 per person

Community and Conservation Partnerships in northern New Mexico - Plaza del Cerro, Chimayo, Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo

Northern New Mexico contains a wealth of towns, villages, pueblos and significant places that have been inhabited and preserved over centuries. The heart of the village of Chimayo, Plaza del Cerro, is the most intact defensive 18th century plaza in New Mexico, and is undergoing a large scale preservation project working with the community and conservation professionals to preserve it.. El Santuario de Chimayo is a national historic landmark and a place of pilgrimage. Established in 1810, the church was expanded and rebuilt in 1816, with an enclosed garden and a decorated interior. Just over 12 miles from Chimayo is Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo, where preservation work is ongoing. The Owe’neh Bupingeh Preservation Project is preserving the Pueblo core, which is the heart of the Tribe where plazas exist and where traditional ceremonies and dancing take place. The homes are over 700 years old and have evolved throughout the years with modern amenities and the continuance of the culture and traditions to attain a balance with contemporary life.

Visits to these sites will demonstrate the efficacy of preserving historic adobe structures, creating partnerships with communities and preservation professionals to revitalize significant historic living spaces.

Topics to be discussed

  • Conservation partnerships working with communities
  • Conservation planning for living sites
  • History of adobe architecture of northern New Mexico
  • Traditional local building techniques
  • Conservation approaches and solutions

Site visit will be led by Jake Barrow, Cornerstones Community Partnerships, and Historic Preservation Specialists working at Ohkay Owingeh to preserve these sites.

Cost: $100 per person